500 Years Of Reformation
1 | noun | a classical scholar or student of the liberal arts
2 | noun | an advocate of the principles of humanism; someone concerned with the interests and welfare of humans
3 | adjective | of or pertaining to Renaissance humanism
4 | adjective | of or pertaining to a philosophy asserting human dignity and man's capacity for fulfillment through reason and scientific method and often rejecting religion
(the humanist belief in continuous emergent evolution- Wendell Thomas")
5 | adjective | pertaining to or concerned with the humanities
6 | adjective | marked by humanistic values and devotion to human welfare
All these in some senses can apply to Erasmus
The taunt against Thomas Aquinas: How many angels can dance on the head of a pin?
- Thomas Aquinas 1224-74 Â Schoolmen
- Decline of Christendom 1300-1500, rise of Renaissance
- Erasmus 1467-1536, the chief exponent of humanism within the Renaissance
- Provides Greek rather than Latin texts for the Bible - invaluable to John Wycliff, Jan Hus and Martin Luther
- Hated ignorance, superstition, and what he regarded as theological absurdities. But he didn't make the taunt about angels dancing on a pin-point.
- Had a fierce intellect, sharp wit, and poked fun at the Church with all its abuses
- "Educated men were mumbling all these things about the clergy, about monks and popes, corruption and grafty, popular superstition and idolatrous practices. Erasmus expressed, and brilliantly what they were barely articulating; and educated Europe laughed. Kings and bishops, scholars and merchants, anyone with a claim to be educated, hailed him at first with amusement and then with serious approval. By 1517 he had become part of the accepted order. Not so much in Italy, but in France and england and spain and Germany, the new learning and Erasmian critique of the Church went hand in hand, especially among churchmen. More than any other single man, he lowered the European reputation of popes and clergy, monks and friars and (above all) of the theologians.
Above all the theogians. He once described a contemporary as a 'scab of a fellow, theology incarnate' He condemned them as pedants, logic-choppers, manipulators of meaningless notions, constructors of syllogisms, warriors over terms." (Owen Chadwick, The Reformation, Penguin, 1964.)
Reformation Begins with Luther
Luther's Chief Writings
- 95 Theses
- Address to the Christian Nobility
- Babylonian Captivity of the Church
- On the Freedom of a Christian